Peer-reviewed articles

Click here to see the full publication list on NASA/ADS

33. Lim, W. Nakamura F., Wu, B., Bisbas, T.G., Tan J.C., et al., PASJ, in press

Star Cluster Formation in Orion A

32. Seifried, D., Haid, S., Walch, S., Borchert, E.M., Bisbas, T.G., 2020, MNRAS, 492, 1465

SILCC-Zoom: H2 and CO-dark gas in molecular clouds -- The Impact of feedback and magnetic fields


31. Gaches, B. A. L., Offner, S. S. R., Bisbas, T.G., 2019, ApJ, 883, 190

The Astrochemical Impact of Cosmic Rays in Protoclusters II: CI-to-H2 and CO-to-H2 conversion factors


30. Gaches, B. A. L., Offner, S. S. R., Bisbas, T. G., 2019, ApJ, 878, 105

The Astrochemical Impact of Cosmic Rays in Protoclusters I: Molecular Cloud Chemistry


29. Bisbas, T. G., Schruba, A. & van Dishoeck, E.F., 2019, MNRAS, 485, 3097

Simulating the atomic and molecular content of molecular clouds using probability distributions of physical parameters


28. Williams, R. J. R., Bisbas, T. G., Haworth, T. J., Mackey, J., 2018, MNRAS, 479, 2018.

The classical D-type expansion of spherical HII regions


27. Banerji, M., Jones, G. C., Wagg, J., Carilli, C. L., Bisbas, T. G., Hewett, P. C., 2018, MNRAS, 479, 1154.

The interstellar medium properties of heavily reddened quasars and companions at z~2.5 with ALMA and JVLA


26. Haworth, T. J., Glover S. C. O., Koepferl, C. M., Bisbas, T. G., Dale, J. E., 2018, New Astronomy Reviews, 82, 1.

Synthetic observations of star formation and the interstellar medium [Review article]


25. Papadopoulos, P. P., Bisbas, T. G., Zhang Z-Y., 2018, MNRAS, 478, 1716.

New places and phases of CO-poor/CI-rich molecular gas in the Universe


24. Bisbas, T. G., Tan, J. C., Csengeri, T., Wu, B., Lim, W., and 4 co-authors, 2018, MNRAS, 478L, 54.

The inception of star cluster formation revealed by [CII] emission around an Infrared Dark Cloud

Click here for the press release (Δελτίο Τύπου στα Ελληνικά δημοσιευμένο σε τοπική εφημερίδα)


23. Li, Q., Tan, J. C., Christie, D., Bisbas, T. G., & Wu, B., 2017, PASJ, 70, 56.

The interstellar medium and star formation of galactic disks. I. Interstellar medium and giant molecular cloud properties with diffuse far-ultraviolet and cosmic-ray backgrounds


22. Bisbas, T. G., Tanaka, K. E. I., Tan, J. C., Wu, B., & Nakamura, F., 2017, ApJ, 850, 23.

GMC Collisions as Triggers of Star Formation. V. Observational Signatures


21. Bothwell, M. S., Aguirre, J. E., Aravena, M., Bethermin, M., Bisbas, T. G., et al., 2017, MNRAS, 466, 2825.

ALMA observations of atomic carbon in z~4 dusty star-forming galaxies


20. Bisbas, T. G., van Dishoeck, E. F., Papadopoulos, P. P., Szücs, L., Bialy, S., & Zhang, Z-Y, 2017, ApJ, 839, 90.

Cosmic-ray Induced Destruction of CO in Star-forming Galaxies


19. Accurso, G., Saintonge, A., Bisbas, T. G., & Viti, S., 2017, MNRAS, 464, 3315.

Radiative transfer meets Bayesian statistics: where does a galaxy's [CII] emission come from?


18. Haworth, T. J., Boubert, D., Facchini, S., Bisbas, T. G., & Clarke, C. J., 2016, MNRAS, 463, 3616.

Photochemical-dynamical models of externally FUV irradiated protoplanetary discs


17. Krips, M., Martín, S., Sakamoto, K., Aalto, S., Bisbas, T.G., et al., 2016, A&A, 592, L3.

ACA [CI] observations of the starburst galaxy NGC 253


16. Facchini, S., Clarke, C. J., & Bisbas, T. G. 2016, MNRAS, 457, 3593.

External photoevaporation of protoplanetary discs in sparse stellar groups: the impact of dust growth

15. Bisbas, T. G., Haworth, T. J., Barlow, M. J., Viti, S., and 3 co-authors, 2015 , MNRAS, 454, 2828.

TORUS-3DPDR: a self-consistent code treating three-dimensional photoionization and photodissociation regions


14. Haworth, T. J., Harries, T. J., Acreman, D. M., & Bisbas, T. G. 2015, MNRAS, 453, 2277.

On the relative importance of different microphysics on the D-type expansion of galactic H II regions

13. Bisbas, T. G., Haworth, T. J., Williams, R. J. R., Mackey, J., and 15 co-authors, 2015, MNRAS, 453, 1324.

STARBENCH: the D-type expansion of an HII region


12. Walch, S., Whitworth, A. P., Bisbas, T. G., Hubber, D. A., Wünsch, R. 2015, MNRAS, 452, 2794.

Comparing simulations of ionization triggered star formation and observations in RCW 120

11. Bisbas, T. G., Papadopoulos, P. P., & Viti, S. 2015, ApJ, 803, 37.

Effective Destruction of CO by Cosmic Rays: Implications for Tracing H2 Gas in the Universe


10. Gaches, B. A. L., Offner, S. S. R., Rosolowsky, E. W., & Bisbas, T. G. 2015, ApJ, 799, 235.

Astrochemical Correlations in Molecular Clouds


9. Bisbas, T. G., Bell, T. A., Viti, S., Barlow, M.J., Yates, J.A., & Vasta, M., 2014, MNRAS, 443, 111.

A photodissociation region study of NGC 4038


8. Offner, S. S. R., Bisbas, T. G., Bell, T. A., & Viti, S. 2014, MNRAS, 440, L81.

An alternative accurate tracer of molecular clouds: the ‘XCI-factor’


7. Walch, S., Whitworth, A. P., Bisbas, T. G., Wünsch, R., & Hubber, D. A. 2013, MNRAS, 435, 917.

Clumps and triggered star formation in ionized molecular clouds

6. Offner, S. S. R., Bisbas, T. G., Viti, S., & Bell, T. A. 2013, ApJ, 770, 49.

Modeling the atomic-to-molecular Transition and Chemical Distributions of Turbulent Star-forming Clouds


5. Bisbas, T. G., Bell, T. A., Viti, S., Yates, J., & Barlow, M. J. 2012, MNRAS, 427, 2100.

3D-PDR: a new three-dimensional astrochemistry code for treating photodissociation regions

Click here to visit the code website


4. Walch, S. K., Whitworth, A. P., Bisbas, T., Wünsch, R., & Hubber, D. 2012, MNRAS, 427, 625.

Dispersal of molecular clouds by ionizing radiation

3. Bisbas, T. G., Wünsch, R., Whitworth, A. P., Hubber, D. A., & Walch, S. 2011, ApJ, 736, 142.

Radiation-driven Implosion and Triggered Star Formation

2. Bisbas, T. G., Wünsch, R., Whitworth, A. P., & Hubber, D. A. 2009, A&A, 497, 649.

Smoothed particle hydrodynamics simulations of expanding HII regions. I. Numerical method and applications


1. Stamatellos, D., Whitworth, A. P., Bisbas, T.G., & Goodwin, S. 2007, A&A, 475, 37.

Radiative transfer and the energy equation in SPH simulations of star formation

My book

I have written the book "The Interstellar Medium, Expanding Nebulae and Triggered Star Formation; theory and simulations", published by Springer (Springer Briefs in Astronomy).


The book brings together the theoretical aspects of star formation and ionized regions with the most up-to-date simulations and observations. Beginning with the basic theory of star formation, the physics of expanding HII regions are reviewed in detail and a discussion on how a massive star can give birth to tens or hundreds of other stars follows. The theoretical description of star formation is shown in simplified and state-of-the-art numerical simulations, describing in a more clear way how feedback from massive stars can trigger star and planet formation. This is also combined with spectacular images of nebulae taken by talented amateur astronomers. The latter is very likely to stimulate the reader to observe the structure of nebulae from a different point of view, and to better understand the associated star formation therein.


Click here to visit the Springer site of my book.

My PhD Thesis

Click here to download my PhD Thesis (2009, Cardiff University)

Dr. Thomas G. Bisbas